The book of OUTSTANDING CATALAN CONTRIBUTIONS is a sample of this ability to contribute internationally to all areas of human activity, from its beginnings as a distinct people to the present day.
Catalonia is an old European country of seven and a half million inhabitants, situated between the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean, whose history spans more than a thousand years. Its origins are marked by an Iberian substrate, significant contact with Greek culture as well as an intense Romanisation, a close bond with the Languedoc region and its forming part of the Carolingian empire. The Catalan language is spoken in an area with a population of over fourteen million people.
Over the course of time, an extensive Mediterranean confederation was built and, in the Middle Ages, Catalonia was one of the most socially and culturally advanced countries on the European Continent. The nation suffered various historical vicissitudes, and following the union of the crowns of Catalonia & Aragon and Castile, the monarchy looked increasingly towards Castile. Catalonia’s international political influence diminished, especially following the War of Succession (of the Hispanic kingdoms, between the houses of Austria and Bourbon) and the fall of Barcelona in 1714.